Anatomy Of The Knee
The main knee joint is between the upper leg / thigh bone (femur) with the larger of the lower leg bones (tibia). There is a second joint between the femur and the knee cap (patella) on the front (anterior) side of the knee.
A pair of ligaments run on either side of the joint, forming the outer edges of the joint capsule – the medial and lateral collateral ligaments. These run along the inner and outer sides of the leg respectively.
A second pair of ligaments lie within the centre of the knee, the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. These stabilise the joint and prevent excess movement.
You can find further information on the ligaments and ligament injuries within our website.
You can find further information on the menisci and meniscal injuries within our website.
To ask a question about the anatomy of the knee or to book an appointment, contact our specialist team available Monday – Friday 8am – 6pm and on Saturday from 9am – 1pm. Our knee specialists team have a dedicated and caring approach and will seek to find you the earliest appointment possible with the correct specialist for your needs.
If you are self-paying you don’t need a referral from your GP. You can simply refer yourself and book an appointment.
If you have medical insurance (e.g. Bupa, Axa PPP, Aviva), you will need to contact your insurer for authorisation for any treatment and, in most cases, you will require a referral letter from your GP. If you do not have a GP, then we have an in-house private GP practice that you can use. Alternatively we can suggest the most appropriate course of action for you to take, given your location and individual circumstance.